Karl Schubert Estate

The Karl Schubert estate was processed by Leonie Schubert and handed over to the Ita Wegman Institute. It contains photographs, notebooks, exercise books, lecture manuscripts and essays, but also artistic works, including stories, poems, woodcarving and glass-cutting works.

Karl Schubert, Dr. phil. (1889-1949)

Karl Schubert was one of Rudolf Steiner’s outstanding educational students and co-workers of great moral force and curative educational ability. Dr Schubert led the auxiliary class of the Stuttgart Waldorf School until 1934, then – under the National Socialist regime and until the end of the war – a private auxiliary class in his Stuttgart flat.

„When the Waldorf School was closed by the rulers of the „Third Reich“ in 1938, Schubert was able to continue his auxiliary class – it was overlooked because it was no longer officially part of the school. His group comprised 30 to 40 children. The children with learning difficulties were joined by a number of children with Down’s syndrome. What remains surprising and puzzling is why his charges did not fall victim to the Euthanasia Act. Schubert himself was still on a list for deportation to a labour camp in 1944 because of his Jewish ancestry, which was prevented through the efforts of friends with the authorities.“
(Hanke)

Karl Schubert was a close collaborator of Ita Wegman in the Medical Section at the Goetheanum in the field of curative education; he created, among other things, the poem „Über Sterne über Sonnen“ and the story „Mariens Sternenfahrt“.

„Dr Schubert worked so convincingly for the truth of the Waldorf School as a whole.“
(Rudolf Steiner)

Biographical data

1889

25 November: Birth in Vienna, Josefstaedter Strasse 11. Jewish on his mother’s side. Catholic baptism.
Attends primary school. Moves to Klagenfurt. Grammar school

1903

Attends a theosophical lecture on the afterlife („Death and then what?“ Edwin Böhme). Reads Meister Eckhart, Angelus Silesius, Novalis, among others.

1907

Member of the Theosophical Society

1908

Summer: Abitur
Begins to study history, linguistics and philosophy (Vienna).
November: Encounter with Rudolf Steiner (Goethe lecture Klagenfurt). „A fundamental feeling of being human seized the soul while listening to him. One experienced oneself confirmed as a human being.“ (Schubert)

1909

Summer semester Paris (Sorbonne)

1909/10

Winter semester London (Kings College)

1911

Summer semester Paris (Sorbonne)
December Participation in the Oberufer Christgeburtspiel (Vienna)

1915

Doctorate on Friedrich Rückert
Participation in World War. Farewell to Rudolf Steiner: „Do not be afraid, I am with you, think of me. Take the secret science with you in outline.“ (Steiner)

1916

20 May: Marriage to Helene Nierl in Vienna.
July: Russian prisoner of war

1918

May: return to Vienna. Re-encounter with Helene Schubert and Rudolf Steiner. Teacher at a private commercial school.

1919

21 February: birth of son Michael.

1920

March: Teacher of English, French, Latin and Greek at the Freie Waldorfschule Stuttgart. Founding and taking over of the „auxiliary class“.
December: Attends the Oberufer Christmas plays in Dornach.

1921

7 September: Lecture at the Stuttgart University Course: „Spirit and Soul in the Life of Language“.
Continuous work in the „auxiliary class“.
December: Performance of the Oberufer Christ’s Birth and King’s Play at the Stuttgart Waldorf School.

1922

Lecture at the West-East Congress in Vienna.
December: Rudolf Steiner gives Karl Schubert the „Baumsinger“ prologue in Dornach.

1923

Lectures at the Summerschool in Ilkley.
Christmas Conference: Lecture: „Anthroposophy, a guide to Christ“.

1924

12 February: Member of the First Class of the School of Spiritual Science.
6 June: Goetheanum speaker authorised by Rudolf Steiner and Ita Wegman.
July: Lecture in Arnhem. Stenographs Youth Address by Rudolf Steiner (20.7.).
June/July: Participates in the Curative Education Course (Dornach).
September: Participates in the Drama Course (Dornach) at Rudolf Steiner’s request.

1925 27 February: Meeting in the teachers‘ room. Reading of Rudolf Steiner’s letter.30 March: Death of Rudolf Steiner.
31 March in Dornach at the death camp.
December: Request for admission to the Medical Section at the Goetheanum.

1928

March: Attends the Waldorf School in The Hague.
3 June: Lecture at the Education Conference of the Free Waldorf School Hamburg: Ways of Anthroposophical Curative Education.
August: Lecture London – World Conference of Spiritual Science and its Practical Applications.

1929

Summer: Lecture curative education conference London: „Practical experiences in the treatment of children needing special care of soul“.

1930

10 August: Lecture Camp de Stakenberg, Holland: „Man in History“.
12 October: Lecture Stuttgart „The religious forces in healing and education“.
23 November: Lecture Stuttgart „What do moral forces of youth mean for the shaping of the future?

1931

Easter Conference Dornach. Lecture on curative education.
12 June: University Courses Stuttgart Lecture on „Art, Culture and Initiation“.
November University Courses Stuttgart. 5 lectures: „The significance of the religious in education and healing“.

1934

May: Schubert is forced to leave the Waldorf School because of his Jewish background. Ministerial permission to run a private auxiliary class.

1938

March: The Waldorf School is banned. Continues to work in his private flat until the end of the war.
30 March Stuttgart Lecture on Rudolf Steiner.

1944

November: Ordered to be deported to Bietigheim labour camp as a half-Jew.

1945

Rejoins the staff of the Waldorf School as a religion teacher (free Christian religious education).
November: Lecture at the anthroposophical youth conference in Stuttgart.
Re-establishment of pedagogical and curative contacts with Holland and England.

1947

Anthroposophical University Weeks Stuttgart. Lecture on the Father God religion of the 1st seven years.

1948

8 April: Lecture at Stuttgart Teachers‘ Conference: „The world-pedagogical impulse of Anthroposophy“.
November: Inauguration of the St. John School in Camphill/Murtle at the request of Karl König. Onward journey to Holland for curative education conference. Opening by Karl König: „Kaspar Hauser“. The Hague: Report on anthroposophical curative education in Scotland, England and Holland. December Writing of the essay „Memories of the Christmas Plays“.
12 December End of last diary note: „Peace to all beings!“
Last New Year’s Eve celebration in Eckwälden.

1949

1 January: Lecture at the memorial service for Marie Steiner (Stuttgart).
28 and 29 January: Lectures in Schweinfurt: „On Rudolf Steiner’s path in life“ and „Education in the parental home“.
30 January: Admitted to the Marienhospital.

1949

3 February: Death in Stuttgart

Selected Bibliography

Works by Karl Schubert

  • Friedrich Rückert als Dramatiker. Wien 1915 (Dissertation)
  • Der Mensch in der Geschichte. In: Die Drei. März 1920.
  • Aus der heilpädagogischen Arbeit der Hilfsklasse in Stuttgart. In: Natura Okt./Nov. 1926
  • Zur Erinnerung an Rudolf Steiner. In: Heydebrand, Caroline von (Hg.): Rudolf Steiner in der Waldorfschule. Stuttgart 1927
  • Die Hilfsklasse. In: Kolisko, Eugen (Hg.): Bilder von der Freien Waldorfschule. Stuttgart 1927
  • Die Menschenkunde in der Heilpädagogik. In: Zur Pädagogik Rudolf Steiners. September 1929
  • Rudolf Steiner als Vorbild für Lehrer und Heiler. In: Das Seelenpflege-bedürftige Kind. Schriftenreihe der Natura IV. Dornach 1930
  • Die erzieherischen Kräfte des Religiösen. In: Zur Pädagogik Rudolf Steiners. Dezember 1930
  • Das Erleben der Jahresstimmung im Unterricht der Hilfsklasse. In: Zur Pädagogik Rudolf Steiners. Februar 1932
  • Dr. Kolisko. Ein Erinnerungsbild. In: Schickler, Eberhard, Mellinger, Julia, Grone, Jürgen von (Hg.): Eugen Kolisko. Bilder aus seinem Leben und Wirken. Stuttgart 1940
  • Erinnerungen an die Weihnachtsspiele. In: Mitteilungen aus der Anthroposophischen Arbeit in Deutschland. Heft 6/1948

About Karl Schubert

  • Fucke, Erhard: Siebzehn Begegnungen. Stuttgart 1996
  • Hanke, Hans-Jürgen: Karl Schubert. Lebensbilder und Aufzeichnungen. Dornach 2004
  • Hahn, Herbert (Hg.): Dr. Karl Schubert zur Erinnerung. Stuttgart 1949