Life data of Ita Wegman
Born on 22 February 1876 in West Java, the eldest daughter of Dutch parents. Her father was administrator of the sugar factory „Parakanterus“ („The Straight Path,“ in the capital Karawang.)
Her father is transferred to the sugar factory „Gending“ near Probolinggo in East Java.
Attends primary school in the town an hour’s drive away. Daily journey there and back in a two-horse carriage; Ita liked to take the reins from the driver to speed the pace and drive up in front of the school herself. She was a good pupil and made a point of always being at the top of her class.
After finishing primary school she was given private lessons with her younger sister.
At the age of fifteen, she goes with her sister to Arnhem for further schooling. They live with Mrs. Wenting. During the holidays she travels abroad, often to Brussels to visit a friend of her father.
At the age of 18 returns to the Dutch East Indies. Father now lives in the town of Probolinggo as superintendent, entrusted with the management of several sugar factories. The usual social activities do not suit her. In order to escape what she perceives to be an empty existence, she takes piano and singing lessons with Mrs. Henny Steinbuch-Bastiaans, with whom she becomes friends. They both study theosophy. Meanwhile, she also spends a long time in the mountains to strengthen her health. At the house her father bought there, she creates a magnificent flower garden and sends for seeds from Holland. Her roses are also much-admired.
Return of the family to Holland due to her father’s illness.
Two years of training in gymnastics and Swedish massage in Amsterdam. During this time she lives in Haarlem, in the house of Henny Steinbuch-Bastiaans’ sister.
In Holland further contact with theosophy. It is likely that she is already a member of the Theosophical Society.
30 August, graduates in gymnastics.
Autumn, begins her stay in Berlin where she pays a visit to the newly appointed General Secretary of the German Section of the Theosophical Society, Rudolf Steiner.
In Berlin, she first pursues further training in Swedish massage and hydrotherapy.
She then opens a therapeutic center for physical therapy in Berlin, along with Mrs. Büsselberg. (Later, Mrs. Büsselberg will also study medicine.) She attends Rudolf Steiner’s lectures and, after a conversation with him, becomes his personal student.
She makes the decision to study medicine. She chooses Zurich because she heard from Marie von Sivers that Rudolf Steiner described Switzerland as the country where, in the future. it would be possible to work most freely as a doctor.
25 May, moves to Zurich.
Completes Matura and then studies medicine in Zurich; during this time, she studies in Munich for 2 semesters.
Attends the Theosophical Congress in Munich.
11 July, awarded Swiss federal medical diploma from the University of Zurich.
Doctoral dissertation completed.
After the dissertation, several years as assistant doctor in various hospitals, including Winterthur and Liestal. She then establishes her own practice in Zurich, with a facility for physical therapy and a small infirmary. Frequent weekend trips from Zurich to Dornach to hear Rudolf Steiner’s lectures.
Illness (influenza and pneumonia).
Spring, Rudolf Steiner’s first medical course. Summer, relocation of her medical practice to Basel.
6 June, Opening of the Clinical Therapeutic Institute in a villa with a large garden at Pfeffingerweg 1, Arlesheim.
31 December, the Goetheanum is destroyed by fire.
Travels with Rudolf Steiner, including to England where he gives a cycle of lectures at the August summer conference in Penmaenmawr.
2–3 September, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in London.
2 October, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lecture to doctors in Vienna.
Start of collaborative work with Rudolf Steiner on a medical textbook book.
15–16 November, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in The Hague.
In the same year, Rudolf Steiner founds the National Societies in England, Holland, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.
December, Christmas Conference in Dornach. Founding of the General Anthroposophical Society and the School of Spiritual Science at the Goetheanum. Ita Wegman becomes a member of the Executive Council, its secretary, as well as leader of the Medical Section.
11 March, 1st Newsletter of the Medical Section.
January and April, courses for young doctors in Dornach.
May, accompanies Rudolf Steiner to Paris.
25 June–7 July, Curative Education Course in Dornach.
17–24 July, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in Arnhem.
28–29 August, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in London.
8–18 September, Pastoral Medical Course in Dornach.
27 September, Onset of Rudolf Steiner’s illness; Ita Wegman provides medical care throughout.
28 September, Rudolf Steiner’s Last Address.
In the same year the Sonnenhof is acquired and the first curative education institute is founded at Lauenstein near Jena.
30 March, Rudolf Steiner’s death.
Ita Wegman’s essays, „To the Friends,“ published in the newssheet of the weekly Das Goetheanum.
2 May, Opening of a nursing school in the Sonnenhof.
May, Conference in Paris.
June, Participation in the Anthroposophical Conference in Vienna with Dr. Wachsmuth. From there, trip to Burgenland and visit to Bernstein Castle and the antimony mine near it. Trip to Prague, visit to Karlstein.
10-17 November, Medical conference and anthroposophical meeting in London.
July, Founding of the journal Natura.
25 July–5 August, Summer School at Gareloch in Scotland, followed by visits to Iona and Staffa.
During the renovation and expansion of the clinic, the Villa Solari in Figino in Ticino is rented as a dependence, where some of the patients are accommodated.
December, Working week for doctors and medical students at the Goetheanum. The medical textbook, Foundations for an Extension of the Art of Healing Based on Spiritual Scientific Knowledge is worked through and working groups of anthroposophical medical students are subsequently formed in Freiburg, Munich, Tübingen, Berlin, Jena, Utrecht, and Basel. Once or twice a year, the medical students meet with Ita Wegman at the Clinical-Therapeutic Institute in Arlesheim.
Further training of doctors as volunteer doctors at the clinic in Arlesheim.
20 July–1 August, World Conference in London, organised by Daniel Dunlop at Ita Wegman’s request.
Opening of the Gnadenwald health resort near Hall in Tyrol.
2-30 August, Kamp de Staakenberg in Holland.
Opening of a medical center in Berlin.
Autumn, founding of the Heilpädagogisches Institut Hamborn near Paderborn in Germany.
Ita Wegman dedicates the institute in Hamborn.
May, Travels to Zagreb, Salonika, Samothrace, Smyrna, Ephesus, Pergamon, Athens, Eleusis, Delphi, Epidaurus, Venice.
September, Opening of a medical center in Kent Terrace in London under the direction of Ita Wegman, who visits once or twice a year.
In these years, a trip is also made to Ireland with a visit to ancient Mystery sites there.
Ita Wegman falls seriously ill.
Autumn, Trip to Israel, followed by stays in Capri and in Rome.
Ita Wegman resigns from the Executive Council of the Anthroposophical Society following a decision during the Annual General Meeting.
Founding of the Casa Andrea Cristoforo in Ascona and the children’s home La Motta in Brissago.
Opens a curative day school in Paris.
Travels to Iceland and Sweden, and visits the curative education institutes there.
Trip to Sicily.
Last time in England, summer conference in Bangor (Wales) at Penmaenmawr.
June, Journey via Vienna to Hungary, sails down the Danube to Rutschuk, Varna, Constantinople, Sofia, and Yugoslavia. Study of the Bogomils.
4 September, Accident (broken arm).
May, Moves to the Casa Andrea Cristoforo in Acona; continues regular visits to Arlesheim.
4 March, Ita Wegman dies during a visit to Arlesheim.