Life data of Ita Wegman
Born on 22 February 1876 in West Java, the eldest daughter of Dutch parents. The father was administrator of the sugar factory „Parakanteroes“, in German „Der geradeausgehende Weg“, in the residence Kravang.
Transfer of the father to the sugar factory „Gending“ near Probolinggo in East Java.
Attends primary school in the town, an hour’s drive away. Daily return journey on a two-horse carriage, where Ita liked to take the reins from the driver to achieve a faster pace and drive herself in front of the school. She was a good pupil and made a point of always being the best in class.
After finishing primary school she had private lessons with her younger sister.
At the age of fifteen, together with her sister, she comes to Arnhem for further schooling. They live with Mrs Wenting. During the holidays she travels abroad, often to Brussels to visit a friend of her father.
At the age of 18 returns to India. Father now lives in Probolinggo town as superintendent, entrusted with the management of several sugar factories.‘ The usual social merrymaking does not suit her. In order to get out of what she perceives as an empty existence, she takes piano and singing lessons with Mrs. Henny Steinbuch-Bastiaans, with whom she becomes friends. They both study theosophy. In the meantime she also spends a long time in the mountains to strengthen her health. In the house bought there by her father, she creates a magnificent flower garden and sends for seeds from Holland. Her roses are also admired.
Return of the family to Holland due to her father’s illness.
Two years‘ training in gymnastics and Swedish massage in Amsterdam. During this time she lives in Haarlem, in the house of the sister of her friend Henny Steinbuch-Bastiaans.
In Holland further contact with Theosophy. Presumably she is already a member of the Theosophical Society.
30 August, graduates in gymnastics.
Autumn, begins her stay in Berlin, where she pays a visit to the newly appointed General Secretary of the German Section of the Theosophical Society, Rudolf Steiner.
In Berlin, first further training in Swedish massage and hydrotherapy.
She then opens a therapeutic centre for physical therapy in Berlin, together with Mrs Büsselberg. (Mrs. Büsselberg later also studied medicine). She attends Rudolf Steiner’s lectures and, after a conversation with him, becomes his personal student.
She makes the decision to study medicine. She chooses Zurich because she heard from Marie von Sivers that Rudolf Steiner described Switzerland as the country where it would be freest to work as a doctor in the future.
25 May, moves to Zurich. Completes Matura and then studies medicine in Zurich, in between 2 semesters in Munich.
Attends the Theosophical Congress in Munich.
11 July, federal medical diploma from the University of Zurich.
After the dissertation, several years as assistant doctor in various hospitals, including Winterthur and Liestal. Then own practice in Zurich, with a facility for physical therapy and with a small infirmary. From Zurich frequent visits to Dornach to listen to Rudolf Steiner’s lectures at weekends.
Illness with influenza and pneumonia.
Spring, Rudolf Steiner’s first medical course. Summer, relocation of the practice to Basel.
6 June, Opening of the Clinical Therapeutic Institute in a villa with a large garden at Pfeffingerweg 1, in Arlesheim.
31 December, fire at the Goetheanum.
Travels with Rudolf Steiner, including to England, where he gives a cycle of lectures at the summer conference in Penmaenmawr in August 1923.
2 and 3 September, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in London.
2 October, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lecture to doctors in Vienna.
Start of joint work on the Medical Book.
15 and 16 November, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in The Hague.
In the same year Rudolf Steiner founds the National Societies in England, Holland, Germany, Austria and Switzerland. December, Christmas Conference in Dornach. Foundation of the General Anthroposophical Society and the School of Spiritual Science at the Goetheanum. Ita Wegman becomes a member of the Executive Council, Secretary and Head of the Medical Section.
11 March, 1st Newsletter of the Medical Section.
January and April, courses for young doctors in Dornach.
May, with Rudolf Steiner in Paris.
25 June to 7 July, Curative Education Course in Dornach.
17 to 24 July, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in Arnhem. 28 and 29 August, Rudolf Steiner’s medical lectures in London.
8 to 18 September, Pastoral Medical Course in Dornach.
27 September, Beginning of Rudolf Steiner’s illness.
28 September, Rudolf Steiner’s last address.
In the same year the Sonnenhof is acquired and the first curative education institute is founded on the Lauenstein near Jena.
30 March, Rudolf Steiner’s death.
Essays by Ita Wegman „To the Friends“ in the news bulletin of the journal „Das Goetheanum“.
2 May, opening of a Sisters‘ School in the Sonnenhof.
May, Conference in Paris.
June, participation in the Anthroposophical Conference in Vienna with Dr Wachsmuth. From there trip to Burgenland and visit to Bernstein Castle and the antimony mine near it. Trip to Prague, visit to Kar1stein.
10-17 November, medical conference and anthroposophical meeting in London.
July, founding of the journal „Natura“.
25 July to 5 August, Summer School at Gareloch in Scotland, followed by visits to Iona and Staffa.
During the renovation and enlargement of the clinic, the Villa Solari in Figino in Ticino is rented as a dependence, where some of the patients are accommodated.
December, working week for doctors and medical students at the Goetheanum. The medical book, „Basic …. „is worked through and anthroposophical working groups of medical students are subsequently formed in Freiburg, Munich, Tübingen, Berlin, Jena, Utrecht and Basel. Once or twice a year the medical students meet with Ita Wegman at the Clinical-Therapeutic Institute in Arlesheim.
Further training of doctors as volunteer doctors at the clinic in Arlesheim.
20 July to 1 August, World Conference in London, organised by Mr Dunlop at Ita Wegman’s request.
Opening of the Gnadenwald health resort near Hall in Tyrol.
2-30 August, Kamp de Staakenberg in Holland.
Opening of a medical centre in Berlin.
Autumn, founding of the Heilpädagogisches Institut Hamborn near Paderborn in Germany.
Inauguration of Hamborn by Ita Wegman. May, travels to Zagreb, Salonika, Samothrace, Smyrna, Ephesus, Pergamon, Athens, Eleusis, Delphi, Epidaurus, Venice.
September, opening of a medical centre in Kent Terrace in London under the direction of Ita Wegman, who is there once or twice a year.
In these years a trip is also made to Ireland with a visit to the ancient mystery sites there.
Ita Wegman falls seriously ill.
Autumn, trip to Israel, followed by stays in Capri and in Rome.
Ita Wegman resigns from the Executive Council of the Anthroposophical Society following a decision by the General Assembly.
Founding of the Casa Andrea Cristoforo in Ascona and the children’s home La Motta in Brissago.
Opens a curative day school in Paris.
Travels to Iceland and Sweden and visits the curative education institutes there.
Trip to Sicily.
Last time in England, summer conference in Bangor (Wales) at Penmaenmawr.
June, journey via Vienna, Hungary, down the Danube to Rutschuk, Varna, Constantinople, Sofia, Yugoslavia. Occupation with the Bogomils.
4 September, accident (broken arm).
May, moves to Ascona to the Casa Andrea Cristoforo, with further regular visits to Arlesheim.
4 March, Ita Wegman dies during a visit to Arlesheim.